Recommendations for Lancer Evolution Limited Slip Diffs (LSD)

A question we’re regularly asked at Co-ordSport is: “what LSDs do we recommend to fit a Lancer Evolution”, here is our advice:

First, we need answers to some questions;

  1. Which model of Evolution do you have?
  2. What is your car used for?
  3. What torque/horsepower does the car produce?

Here are the differences and why they are important:

1. Which Evo model?

A) Evo4-6/TM cars have a ViscousCouplingUnit controlling the centre diff (the VCU is in the transfer and controls the centre diff. which is in the gearbox). TM’s are slightly different, as some had bigger bearings in their transfer casings, similar to Evo7’s). The OE front diff. is either an open diff. or a Helical Gear Diff (torsen/worm drive). The OE rear diff. is a plated LSD on the RS, or the ActiveYawControl diff. on the GSR.

B) Evo7-9 cars have an ActiveCentreDiff. in the transfer, controlling the gearbox’s centre diff., in place of the VCU. The front and rear diffs are basically same options as the E4-6, although the AYC diff. did evolve into “Super AYC”, which is a more durable unit.

2. What is the Evo used for?

  1. Road/track days or serious competition?
  2. If competition, is it tarmac or gravel?
  3. Or just outright drag racing (straight line, constant need for traction)

3. What torque/horsepower?

  1. Standard (300bhp)
  2. Tuned (350~400bhp)
  3. Seriously modified (450+bhp)

It is not easy to come up with a compromise that caters for all surfaces.

Bear in mind some basic suggestions:

For tarmac, it is an ideal starting point to have strong/tight front and rear diffs, along with a softer centre diff. setting.

For gravel/loose surfaces, you should aim for a tighter/stronger centre diff. whilst still using a strong rear diff., but the front diff. can be adjusted to suit the driver’s preferred style. The stronger centre diff. will make the car understeer, and that is the main reason it is not ideal for tarmac.

Evo.4-6/TM, which has OE Viscous Centre Differential (Viscous Coupling Unit – “VCU”) we suggest:

For gravel

We would recommend the KAAZ diffs. Front, Centre and Rear. The KAAZ front unit is a big strong unit, and once fitted it leaves no space in the transfer for the VCU. That would leave the car with an Open centre diff, with no control, so KAAZ produce a Centre LSD to install in the gearbox, to replace the OE open diff.

The KAAZ units are mechanical friction clutch plate type LSDs, with belleville spring washers (also known as cone springs) for initial preload.

All 3 x diffs., Front, Centre and Rear, can be adjusted, but it requires removal of the diff(s) from the car and dismantling, sometimes the purchase and fitment of alternative parts (different preload, different ramp angles, and different friction levels, some plates offset to reduce effect). This is probably not necessary at the rear, so start your fine tuning at the Front and Centre.

The above KAAZ units cannot be used in Group N, as they are not homologated. For FIA Group N you should use the Ralliart or Toth Front LSD, with a standard size VCU (which can be rebuilt to a variety of settings) at the centre, and a standard or Ralliart rear diff.

Cusco also offer a variety of rear LSDs which offer many set-ups for discerning drivers.

For tarmac

The KAAZ centre diff. would need adjusting, to allow a softer setting. Really that is better achieved with a VCU, so we recommend not to use the KAAZ front diff. (as it will not fit with a VCU). We recommend, therefore, the Cusco front diff., with their tarmac setting of Viscous Unit – these come as a set, LSD+VCU. They are available in RS Type, using small coil springs for initial preload, or MZ Type, using Belleville Spring Washers (Cone Springs) for initial preload.

If you need to comply with FIA Group N, it would again be the Ralliart Front LSD, with a VCU (set to a softer tarmac setting). However, Ralliart parts are out of production, so only choices are Cusco or KAAZ.

E4/6 Diffs available are as follows:

KAAZ LSD

Front DBM2060 (1.5way, 12 plates)  Check Stock/Buy Here
Centre DBM2070 (1.5way, 12 plates)  Check Stock/Buy Here
Rear SBM2031 (1.5way, 20 plates)  Check Stock/Buy Here (also fits Evo 1-3)

Also available with the quieter Super-Q WPC Coated friction plates DBM2060-WPC, etc.

Ralliart LSD

RA763555N3  No Longer Available!, possibly can get some parts
RA581182S1 for Tommi Makinen Edition/E7  NLA!! , possibly can get some parts
RA763555S2 (big non-homologated)  NLA!! , possibly can get some parts

Toth LSD

E4/6 unit

Cusco LSD

Front RS Type LSD147FV1 (1way)w/SoftViscous  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD147CV1/CV115(1 or 1.5 way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD447FV1/CV1/CV115 (TME)  Check Stock/Buy Here
MZ Type LSD147D (1way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD147BV1/BV115(1 or 1.5way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD447D/BV1/BV115 (TME)  Check Stock/Buy Here
RS Rear RS Type LSD141F/F2 (1/2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD141L15/L2(1.5/2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD141FG  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD141FR  Check Stock/Buy Here
MZ type LSD141A/A2(1or2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD141K15/K2(1.5/2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
AYC Rear(GSR) RS Type LSD448F/F2 (1/2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD448L15/L2 (1.5/2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here

Evo.7~9, which has OE Active Centre Differential (“ACD”)

The OE ACD changes everything – as this controls your centre diff. options. Providing you with gravel and tarmac options in one diff. By changing the ACD Controller, you can make the centre diff. more effective and controllable – such Controller units are available from GEMS, KAPS and MoTeC.

For FIA Group N, you should use the homologated front & rear diffs. by Ralliart (front only). (OE or RA versions)

Homologated E8/9 front diff. has 12 plates and rear diff. has 16 plates

Cusco make diffs, but they do not have the correct design/Number of plates, so not homologated.

Ralliart offered gravel and tarmac set-ups (small difference in ramp angles). BUT, are no longer in production.

Group N options were:

For gravel

We would recommend the Cusco MZ diffs., which use the Belleville Washers (cone springs) for initial preload.

For tarmac

We would recommend the Cusco RS diffs., which use a varying No. of small coil springs for initial preload. These provide very progressive action.

A further option for the Front diff. is the WaveTrac helical gear Torque Biasing Diff. , similar to the standard OE option, but stronger.

For track cars with AYC rear diff. Evo4-9, the AYC can be made more positive by adding the Cusco LSD, which replaces the AYC’s OE open diff, which is controlled by the AYC clutch pack. (this can be run with or without AYC control)

E7/9 Diffs available are as follows:

KAAZ LSD

Rear SBM2031  Check Stock/Buy Here

 

RALLIART – FRONT LSD

Evo 7 RA580103S1 (ACD)  NLA!!
Evo 8/9 RA980736S3 (Standard setting)  NLA!!
RA980736S4 (Hard setting)  NLA!!

*Ralliart parts have stopped production, Evo8/9 now replaced by Cusco versions:

LSD450A              Cusco MZ LSD 1Way 35~45° Front Evo8/9 with ACD – Check Stock/Buy Here

LSD450B              Cusco MZ LSD 1/1.5Way 45˚-45/15°Front Evo8/9 w/ACD – Check Stock/Buy Here

LSD450B15          Cusco MZ LSD 1.5/1W 45/15°-45˚ Way Front Evo8/9 ACD – Check Stock/Buy Here

MZ Type uses belleville washers for pre-load tension, similar to Ralliart types

RALLIART – REAR LSD

Evo7-9 RA534828K1  Check Stock/Buy Here

 

TOTH LSD

E8/9 unit

 

CUSCO LSD

Evo.7 (ACD) – for VCU car see E6 TME above

Front RS Type LSD449F (1way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD449C/C15 (1or1.5way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
RS Rear As for Evo.4-6 above
AYC Rear RS Type LSD448F/F2 (1or2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD448L15/L2 (1.5or2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here

Evo.8-9

Front RS Type LSD450F (1way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD450C/C15 (1or1.5way)  Check Stock/Buy Here 
RS Rear As for Evo.4-7 above
AYC Rear As for Evo.7 above

RS Type uses small coil springs for pre-load tension

Cusco – MZ Type FRONT LSDs for Evolutions 8 and 9

LSD450A 1Way 35~45° Front Evo8/9 ACD  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD450B 1/1.5Way 45˚-45/15°Front Evo8/9 ACD  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD450B15 1.5/1W 45/15°-45˚ Way Front Evo8/9 ACD  Check Stock/Buy Here

*These are unofficial Ralliart replacements

Evo.10

Front – SST RS Type LSD453F (1way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD453C/C15 (1or1.5way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
MZ Type LSD453A (1way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD453B/B15 (1or1.5way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
Front – 5spdMT RS Type LSD454F (1way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD454C/C15(1or1.5way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
MZ Type LSD454A (1way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD454B/B15(1or1.5way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
RS Rear As for Evo.4-9 above
AYC Rear RS Type LSD452F/F2 (1or2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here
LSD452L15/L2 (1.5or2way)  Check Stock/Buy Here

 

CUSCO ProAdjust(Adjustable ramp angles 0⁰-15⁰-45⁰-45⁰/45⁰-55⁰/35⁰-65⁰/25⁰ – 1, 1.5 or 2way)

Evo.7 Front RS Type LSD449R  Check Stock/Buy Here
Evo.8-9 Front RS Type LSD450R  Check Stock/Buy Here
Evo1-10 Rear RS Type LSD141R  Check Stock/Buy Here
MZ Type LSD141S  Check Stock/Buy Here
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